Life of the Land's

Hawai`i Energy Self-Reliance
There are two approaches to energy self-reliance: (1) Incrementally moving forward, picking low hanging fruit, increasing the use of efficiencies and renewables a little at a time; and (2) Assuming that we are 100% self-reliant in 2020, and looking back to see how we did it.  Looking backwards forces us to look at each option available. It forces us to look at what could happen. It requires that we have a plan.
Hawai`i Energy Blog

Energy Ocean 2007
The Fourth Annual Energy Ocean Conference was held from August 20-23 at Turtle Bay. Henry Curtis represented the community. Over 50 speakers from around the world gave presentations including Dr. David Rezachek and Dr. Hans Krock.   Rep. Cynthia Thielen was one of two keynote speakers.   Dr. Tom Denniss (Oceanlinx, former Energetech) received  a corporate and an innovation award. These 5 individuals were among LOL's 12 witnesses in a PUC contested case hearing last Deecember.

Henry Curtis
LOL Executive Director
The tide is nigh: Life of the Land gets ready to push for wave power by Joan Conrow / 09-27-2006
 Although its glossy cover showcases alternative energy sources, the new federal strategic plan for dealing with climate change is a rehash of the same old, same old. Nuclear fusion and fission, biorefining, hydrogen and “clean coal”
In hot water: O‘ahu firm hopes to generate electricity by toying with differences in ocean temperatures by Keith Bettinger / 04-18-2007  Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) is an alternative energy source that uses temperature differentials between warm surface water and cooler, deeper waters to generate mechanical energy, which in turn is converted to electricity. Fuel cell systems bill comes to a halt; Ethanol gets another break by Travis Quezon / 03-21-2007
In order to isolate hydrogen—fuel cells are essentially batteries capable of storing hydrogen—the cells need fossil fuel-produced energy. The bill would also have given tax credits for all fuel cell systems, including those using fossil fuels.
The Hawaii Department of Health approves a new Kaui Coal-Fired Ethanol Plant (April 2007).
All Comment Letters (49) filed with DOH on the Draft Plan commented against using coal to make green energy.  At first DOH stated that an Environmental Assessment was Required, then reversed their position and approved the project.
The State Legislature re Biofuels. Authorizing $59M for a biofuel refinery to a company that does not exist and which plans to have 3 parents, two of which do not exist (SB1718 CD1) The State Legislature re Hawaii Natural Energy Institute of the University of Hawaii (HB1003 CD1) Codified within the Hawaii Revised Statutes.

US Supreme Court   Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency (case 05-1120) Oral Arguments: November 29, 2006
Does the Clean Air Act gives the EPA authority to regulate carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gas emissions as a way to address climate change?

Power slaves: Which energy source will rule Hawai‘i’s future—biofuels or renewable energy? by Keith Bettinger / 04-18-2007  First of all, the source of the so called “clean fuels” is somewhat ambiguous; plans are for the fuel to be “locally sourced,” but beyond that there are no firm details. ... Even if the plant uses ethanol or biodiesel, and even if it is locally produced, it requires fertilizers, tractors and transport, all of which are heavily rel
t on fossil fuels. Moreover, dedicating agricultural land to raising sorghum and other fuel-friendly crops can take away from ag land devoted to food production, which we’ve already seen is in very short supply.
HECO Rate Case (PUC Docket Number 2006-0386, filed December 21, 2006) ''HECO's application includes a proposed new tiered rate structure for residential customers to reward customers who practice energy conservation with lower electric rates for lower monthly usage. ... The application addresses the energy cost adjustment clause provisions of Act 162 and requests the continuation of HECO's energy cost adjustment clause.''    HECO Rate Hike Proposal dated 12/22/06   Residential Customers: Inclining Rate Block; Optional Time of Use Rates
Hawaii Public Utilities Commission (PUC)  regulates all franchised or certificated public service companies operating in the State; prescribes rates, tariffs, charges and fees; determines the allowable rate of earnings in establishing rates; issues guidelines concerning the general management of franchised or certificated utility businesses; and acts on requests for the acquisition, sale, disposition or other exchange of utility properties, including mergers and consolidations.  *  Hawaii PUC Annual Reports :    *  1987-89    *  1989-91    *  1991-93    *  1993-95    *  1995-96    *  1996-97    *  1997-98    *  1999-2000  Major Hawai`i Public Utility Commission (PUC) Energy Dockets   *  Electric Utility Regulation (Hawai`i Revised Statutes Chapter 269)  *  Hawai`i PUC Rules of Practice and Procedure  (Hawai`i Administrative Rules Chapter 61)  *  Hawai`i Public Utility Commission (PUC) Decisions and Orders (D&Os)
Climate Change, Spirituality & Religion (Interfaith Power and Light, Church of the Crossroads, Interfaith Alliance of Hawaii )

HECO Integrated Resource Planning (IRP-3) The Utility must: Review all feasible demand and supply side options &  Review all impacts: environmental, social, cultural, justice. The Utility must develop a Twenty Year IRP Plan  &  Five Year Action Plan   *  Stipuation to End HECO IRP-3, Open HECO IRP-4, including transcribed Climate Change Panel Discussion Hawai`i Consumer Advocate (CA)

Utilities  Hawaiian Electric Company (HECO)   Maui Electric Company (MECO)Hawaii Electric Light Company (HELCO)  *  HEI's Filings with the US Securities and Exchange Commission 10 Q Dated 11/1/06  *  HECO Rate Hike Proposal dated 12/22/06

Status of  PUC Dockets, LOL Interventions
Global warming may submerge Northwestern Hawaiian Islands:     Record-high carbon dioxide levels have dire effects on the planet. Ka Leo O Hawaii (University of Hawaii Student Newspaper) by Jessica C. Hamamoto, October 12, 2006
Pay As You Save (PAYS) (PUC Docket Number 2006-0425). Allows customers to buy down the cost of solar water heating systems. Parties: HECO, MECO, HELCO, KIUC, CA, HREA, HSEA Earthquake Power Outage (PUC Docket Number 2006-0431). HECO Outage Report (December 29, 2006). MECO & HELCO Outage Reports (March 30, 2007). HECO Preliminary Statement of Position (August 3, 2007). CA Statement of Position (August 24, 2007)
2007 HB226 HD2 SD2 CD1 Establishes as state policy statewide greenhouse gas emissions limits at or below the statewide greenhouse gas emissions levels in 1990 to be achieved by January 1, 2020.  Establishes greenhouse gas emissions reduction task force to prepare a work plan and regulatory scheme to achieve the statewide greenhouse gas emissions limits.  Mina Morita Speach re Hydrogen 2000
Chevron Oil Spill (Waiawa Stream, Pearl Harbor. 1:30 a.m. May 14, 1996)
HECO Outage. March 3. 2004
Hunter Lovins fired by Rocky Mountain Institute. excerpts from ''Gimme Some Lovins: Hunter Lovins, thinker on sustainability, answers Grist's questions''
When the chair of the board of RMI walked into my office with no warning and told me that I was terminated ...
Electricity from Renewable Energy: Iceland 100% La Desirade (France) 100%  Fiji 79.6%  Norway 76%  Samsoe (Denmark) 75%  Austria 72% Pellworm (Germany) 66%  Reunion (France) 56%  Sweden 55%  Dominica 48%  Latvia 47% Flores Island (Azores, Portugal) 42%  Samoa 38.5%  Sao Miguel Island (Azores, Portugal) 35%  Faeroe Islands (Denmark) 35%  St Vincent and the Grenadines 32.8%  California 31%  Slovenia 31% Marie Galante Island (Guadeloupe, France) 30%  Corsica  30%  Miquelon (St Pierre and Miquelon, France) 29%  Portugal 29% Hawaii Island 29%  Romania 28% Finland 28% Turkey 24%World     18%  Hawai`i State 8%. (Sources: United Nations; US Energy Information Administration; European Environmental Agency; Renewable Energy on Small Islands; The Guardian; Highlands and Islands Enterprise Network; Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century)
2007 HB1003 HD3 SD2 CD1 Statutorily establishes the Hawaii natural energy institute of the University of Hawaii and creates the energy systems development special fund for the development of renewable energy and energy efficient technologies.  Requires periodic evaluation of projects and activities funded by special fund.  Requires department of business, economic development, and tourism to develop and prepare a bioenergy master plan that sets the course for the coordination and implementation of policies and procedures to develop a bioenergy industry in Hawaii.  Appropriates funds.  (CD1)

2007 SB1718 HD2 CD1 Authorizes special purpose revenue bonds to BlueEarth Maui Biodiesel, LLC, for construction of a biodiesel refinery on Maui.  (CD1)
Life of the Land has actively intervened in numerous energy actions over the past 3+ decades. We won a landmark case before the Hawai`i Supreme Court in 1975 when we appealed HECO's 1971 rate case. The Hawai`i Supreme Court ruled that aggrieved parties who exhaust their administrative remedies have a fundamental right to sue. In addition, the court ruled that the Public Utilities Commission had improperly approved making HECO ratepayers pay for a HECO advertising campaign designed to encourage the use of electricity.

LIFE OF THE LAND will fight against any new fossil fuel power plant and any fake renewable. We should aggressively promoting a 100% green future. We work through research, public education, administrative actions, and litigation.

Life of the Land's Clean Energy Now! Campaign

HAWAI`I is blessed with every known renewable resource. We have sun, wind and a deep cold ocean. We have some of the greatest photovoltaic, wind, ocean wave, ocean thermal and sea water air conditioning conditions in the world. No other place on earth has the opportunities that we have in becoming energy self-sufficient. Yet what have we done with this opportunity?

In 1970, 8% of the electricity generated in Hawai`i came from renewable energy resources. The 1978 Hawai`i Constitutional Convention proposed constitutional clauses on agricultural and energy self-sufficiency. The voters adopted these provisions. As the Legislative Reference Bureau explained to the 1979 Legislature -- the agricultural self-sufficiency clause required subsequent legislative enabling language, while the energy self-sufficiency clause  did not.  In the 28 years since 1978, we have gone from 8% renewable to 7% renewable. Meanwhile, 18% of the energy used in the world comes from renewable energy resources, with the caveat that all fossils and some renewables  are undesired.
Act 9-2006  Public Utilities; CPCN; Rate Notice. Requires a utility applicant to notify existing consumers and patrons, if any, of the rates proposed to be established by an application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity. (SB 2018 SD1 HEE, Kokubun)
Hawaii Biofuels Summit Briefing Book (2006)  written by DBEDT consultant Rocky Mountain Institute is available on the DBEDT web site.  The book goes into the water impacts (''landowners' and farmers' legal rights to access water are in a state of flux ... it is quite likely that any water use dispute will ultimately be decided by the courts, leading to potentially long delays in gaining access to water for a biofuel project.'')  The book does not include any references to environmental impacts, pesticides, herbicides, runoff, monocropping, genetic engineering, pollution, toxics, contamination or renewable energy alternatives.
Act 96-2006 Energy Efficiency; Renewable Energy; Alternate Fuel. Provides a framework for energy self-sufficiency, focusing on energy efficiency and renewable energy resource employment in state facilities, vehicles, and equipment; in the public schools; and by means of priority permitting for renewable energy projects at the county level. (HB2175 CD1 House Majority Caucus) The State Legislature re
Greenhouse gas emissions  (
HB226 CD1)

LOL's Biofuels Blog

Hydrogen Web Page including an analysis of black, green, blue and white hydrogen.
Electricity Generation   (State of Hawaii)   (Thousand Megawatthours) Electric Power Monthly (data for July only) July 2006  ( 954)  July 2005   (1025) Change: ( -6.9%) . Electric Utilities: July 2006: 577; July 2005:  611.  Independent Power Producers (IPPs) : July 2006: 328; July 2005:  360

Act 143-2006 Public Utilities Commission; Utility Analysts; Legal Assistants. Authorizes PUC chairperson to appoint research assistants, economists, legal secretaries, utility analysts, legal assistants, and enforcement officers with or without regard to chapter 76. (HB1021 CD1 MORITA, EVANS, LEE, SCHATZ, SHIMABUKURO, THIELEN, WAKAI)

Energy Dockets
Life of the Land's Clean Energy Now! Campaign
Life of the Land's Ten Point Energy Plan
Hawaiian Electric Company
International Energy Statistics
Act 162-2006  Public Utilities Commission; Energy. Makes amendments to improve the Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) law. (SB 3185 CD1 ENGLISH, CHUN OAKLAND, Ige, Hee, Kanno, Baker, Inouye, Kokubun)
Energy Ideas and Concepts: The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI or "ReGGIe") is a cooperative effort by 9 Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to design of a regional cap-and-trade program for carbon dioxide emissions from power plants  * The Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) is the world’s first and North America’s only voluntary, legally binding rules-based greenhouse gas emission reduction and trading system. * Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) * Green Tags"  * ''Clean Coal''  
Act 163-2006 Energy; Hawaii Energy Policy Forum. Appropriates funds to reconvene the Hawaii Energy Policy Forum to develop an action plan, timeline, and benchmarks, and to further engage Hawaii's leaders and stakeholders in implementing the Forum's visions, concepts, and recommendations for Hawaii's preferred energy future, and assess the feasibility of the State participating in the Chicago Climate Exchange. Report to Legislature. (HB2848 CD1 MORITA, BERG, CARROLL, KANOHO, PINE, SCHATZ, THIELEN, WATERS) RECOMMENDEDATIONS
An Inconvenient Truth   Dir: Davis Guggenheim.   The Great Warning
RECOMMENDED BOOKS : An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore * Boiling Point: How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists, and Activists Have Fueled the Climate Crisis -- And What We Can Do to Avert Disaster,  by Ross Gelbspan (2004) * The Weather Makers (2005) by Tim Flannery
* The Prize : The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power by Daniel Yergin

Biofuels Web Page: Accounting for Greenhouse Gas Emissions * Ethanol: Good idea or just sweet talk? Editorial by Henry Curtis, Haleakala Times, May 23, 2006

Enough water for ethanol?  by Sean Hao. Honolulu Advertiser. Sunday, October 8, 2006, page 1

Recommended Cartoon

Act 240-2006 Energy Self-sufficiency. Provides a framework for energy self-sufficiency, focusing on: increasing renewable energy tax credits; establishing a pay as you save program for solar water heating systems; establishing a bio-diesel preference in the state procurement law; establishing a Hawaii renewable hydrogen program and hydrogen investment capital special fund; and establishing state support for an alternate fuels standard. (SB 2957 CD1 ENGLISH, IGE, HANABUSA, TSUTSUI, CHUN OAKLAND, SAKAMOTO, HOOSER, ESPERO, INOUYE, MENOR, BUNDA, NISHIHARA, FUKUNAGA, BAKER, KOKUBUN, KANNO, IHARA, KIM, Taniguchi) Hawaii Energy Statistics
Articles / Speeches / Rulings
LOL's Hydrogen Blog

Corn Ethanol: Laundering Fossil Fuels, Bilking Taxpayers, Damaging the Environment  (March 16, 2006) By T.W. Patzek.

An end run on ethanol: Rules for producing `clean' fuel may be relaxed, add pollution
By Michael Hawthorne, Chicago Tribune, October 16, 2006

ADM’s New Ethanol Queen   (May 30, 2006)
Life of the Land's Ten Point Energy Plan: (1) Disclose Conflict of Interest at the State Legislature; (2) Use Real Definitions; (3) Promote Energy Efficiency; (4) Create an Energy Efficiency Utility; (5) Provide Permanent Renewable Energy Tax Credits; (6) Strengthen the Public Utilities Commission (PUC); (7) Reform the Division of Consumer Advocacy (DCA); (8) Account for Externalities; (9) Deal with Climate Change; and (10) Separate Facts from Spin.

NRDC Climate Change: Higher temperatures threaten dangerous consequences: drought, disease, floods, lost ecosystems. And from sweltering heat to rising seas, global warming's effects have already begun. But solutions are in sight. We know where most heat-trapping gases come from: power plants and vehicles. And we know how to curb their emissions: modern technologies and stronger laws. NRDC is working to put these fixes in place. By shifting the perception of global warming from abstract threat to pressing reality, and promoting online activism. By pressing businesses to use less energy and build more efficient products. And by fighting for laws that will speed these advances.
Act 69-2005  Renewable Energy Systems Over 10kw; Interconnection Standards. Requires the PUC to adopt interconnection standards and requirements for customer-sited net energy metered systems of greater than ten kilowatts. (HB606 CD1 Governor)

The Myth of Brazil’s Ethanol Success   (September 13, 2006)
Hawaii Energy Strategy 2006

Kofi Annan re Climate Change (November 2006): ''The few skeptics who continue to try to sow doubt should be seen for what they are: out of step, out of arguments and just about out of time.''

United States Department of Energy's (US DOE)  Energy Information Administration  (EIA)
The Energy Debit of Making Ethanol    By Michael J. Economides. Energy Tribune.  April 1, 2006

The Energy Weapon in Action by Robert Bryce  (September 15, 2006) Several fuel storage tanks were hit, which resulted in a spill that sent some 10,000 to 15,000 tons (2.8 million to 4.2 million gallons) of heavy fuel oil into the Mediterranean Sea. The oil slick has polluted 150 kilometers of the Lebanese coast and has spread north into Syrian waters. According to the United Nations Environment Program, the spill’s pollution could rival that from the Exxon Valdez, which in 1989 polluted the Alaskan waters in Prince William Sound.

Act 78-2005  SPRB; Electric Utilities; Capital Improvement. Authorizes the issuance of up to $160,000,000 in special purpose revenue bonds to assist Hawaiian Electric Company, Inc., Maui Electric Company, Ltd., and Hawaiian Electric Light Company, Inc. with capital improvement projects. (SB 1117 CD1 BUNDA)
Pew Center on Global Climate Change brings together business leaders, policy makers, scientists, and other experts to bring a new approach to a complex and often controversial issue. Our approach is based on sound science, straight talk, and a belief that we can work together to protect the climate while sustaining economic growth. Union of Concerned Scientists: Climate Change  Global warming is one of the most serious challenges facing us today. To protect the health and economic well-being of current and future generations, we must reduce our emissions of heat-trapping gases by using the technology, know-how, and practical solutions already at our disposal. UCS was founded in 1969 by faculty members and students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology who were concerned about the misuse of science and technology in society.
Act 104-2005  Net Energy Metering; Remove System Cap; Eligible Customer-Generators. Allows the Public Utilities Commission to increase the maximum capacity of eligible customer-generators, and the total capacity a utility must accept, and amend rate structure and standard tariffs and contracts. Allows accumulation of customer generators' credit for excess electricity generated over a 12-month period. (SB 1003 CD1 ENGLISH, CHUN OAKLAND, TSUTSUI, FUKUNAGA, Sakamoto, Hooser, Nishihara, Baker, Hemmings, Espero, Kanno, Taniguchi, Hanabusa, Ihara) Energy Web / Blog Sites

Planetary Carrying Capacity (Peter Vitousek, 1986)

The Oil D
rum: Discussions about Energy and Our Future
R-Squared Energy Blog by Robert Rapier
Dieoff: Fossil Fuels, Food, Population, Carrying Capacity, Sustainability
DBEDT Energy Page
Dr. Tad Patzek: Biofuels
Sierra Club: All over America, cities, counties and states are launching an exciting grassroots movement to help solve one of our country's most pressing problems: global warming. Frustrated by stalling on the federal level, local leaders are moving forward with innovative energy solutions that cut our dependence on oil, benefit public health and save taxpayer dollars. These mayors, county commissioners and governors are leading the way toward a safer and more secure future.

U.S. EPA's Climate Change Site offers comprehensive information on the issue of climate change in a way that is accessible and meaningful to all parts of society – communities, individuals, business, states and localities, and governments.
Act 157-2005 Solar Energy Devices; Condominiums; Townhouses. Allows for the installation of solar energy devices on any privately owned single-family residential dwelling or townhouse, with limited restrictions. Requires private entities to adopt rules regarding the placement of solar energy devices. (HB1017 CD1 MORITA, BERG, CALDWELL, EVANS, GREEN, SCHATZ, SHIMABUKURO, THIELEN, WAKAI) Law Offices of Carolyn Elefant (LOCE) Wind and Wave Energy Weblog
Massachusetts Technology Collaborative (MTC) Ocean Energy  (Wave, Tidal, Ocean Thermal)

Greenpeace is asking you to take part in an energy revolution. To go from a world powered by nuclear and fossil fuels to one running on renewable energy. Human caused climate change is a reality. Fortunately, there are proven energy solutions we can put to use today to provide sustainable development and energy for all. Will this energy transformation occur rapidly enough to avert the worst effects of a warming world? You will help decide the answer to that question.

Act 216-2005  State Procurement; Alternative Fuel Vehicles. Requires state agencies to procure alternative fuel vehicles when purchasing motor vehicle fleets. Permits agencies to offset purchasing requirements by demonstrating percentage improvements in overall light duty vehicle fleet mileage economy. (SB 1427 CD1 ENGLISH, CHUN OAKLAND, HOOSER, HEMMINGS, Espero, Ihara, Sakamoto, Kokubun, Fukunaga, Baker, Nishihara, Taniguchi, Kanno, Inouye)
Ocean Energy Council (Washington D.C.)
Renewable Energy Access
California Energy Commission: Ocean Energy
The International Energy Agency (IEA) Ocean Energy Systems (OES)
The Energy Blog: About Wave Power

Climate Change

Dr David Viner. Climate Research Unit. Information Sheets
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

RealClimate is a commentary site on climate science by working climate scientists for the interested public and journalists. We aim to provide a quick response to developing stories and provide the context sometimes missing in mainstream commentary. The discussion here is restricted to scientific topics and will not get involved in any political or economic implications of the science.

Climate Ark:  Climate Change and Global Warming Portal. The Original Biocentric Climate Science, Policy & Advocacy Search Engine

Act 95-2004  Renewable Energy; Renewable Portfolio Standards; PUC Study. Requires electric utilities to meet a renewable portfolio standard of 15 per cent for 2015 and a goal of 20 per cent for 2020. Directs PUC to study the feasibility of implementing a rate structure to encourage the use of renewable energy. Requires DBEDT and DLNR to support and facilitate achievement of the renewable portfolio standards. (SB2474 HD2 ENGLISH, Kokubun, Baker, Tsutsui) The Climate Group
UN Environment Programme / GRID Arendal    Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA)
World View of Global Warming
Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research
Lloyd's of London: Climate Change & Insurance
The New Economics Foundation (NEF)

Alaskan storm cracks giant iceberg to pieces in faraway Antarctica:     Study tracks surprising connection between distant events  ''on a clear, calm day last Oct. 27, iceberg B15A broke into half a dozen pieces. B15A measures approximately 60 miles long and 18.5 miles wide. It is half of B15, which became the world’s largest iceberg in March 2000 when it broke away from the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica. ... the storm was 13,500 kilometers (8,370 miles) away ... six days earlier, was the winter season’s first really big, nasty storm that developed and lasted for about a day and a half in the Gulf of Alaska.  ... We saw that the waves in Alaska were about 35 feet tall and then two days later they were down to 15 feet as they passed Hawaii on their way south ... Finally, we see the waves arriving in Antarctica at the site where the iceberg broke up''
Act 96-2004  Renewable Energy; Fuel Tax Reduction. Reduces total fuel taxes for ethanol, methanol, biodiesel, and other alternative fuels, other than liquefied petroleum gas. (SB 2139 CD1 BAKER, ENGLISH, IHARA, IGE, CHUN OAKLAND, FUKUNAGA) Ocean Engineering and Energy Systems International (OCEES) (Hawai`i)     Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)
Honolulu Seawater Air Conditioning, LLC
Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. (Hawai`i)    Ocean Cable Installation
Office of Information Practices (OIP)
OIP 91 Consumer Advocate (CA) Workpapers
OIP 90-2 HECO Geothermal Confidentiality
OIP 93-4 Financial Reports Submitted to the PUC by Public Utilities and Motor Carriers

Act 97-2004  Renewable Energy Technologies Income Tax Credit. Clarifies that financial institutions, partnerships, S corporations, estates, and trusts are eligible to claim a renewable energy technologies income tax credit; allows for any unused credit to be claimed in subsequent taxable years until exhausted. (SB 3162 CD1 ENGLISH, Tsutsui, Baker, Slom, Chun Oakland, Espero) Specific Ocean Technologies Web Sites

Energetech (Australia)    Oscillating Water Column (OWC) Wave Energy System
Ocean Power Delivery (OPD)     Pelamis Wave Energy System
Wave Dragon    Overtopping Wave Energy System
Articles / Speeches / Rulings

Global Warming Cartoon
Renewables and Unconventional Energy in Hawaii. Warren Bollmeier with Tom Loudat and Prahlad Kastufi. November 2003
Kaheawa Windfarm Benefits
Honolulu Board of Water Supply (BWS) re HECO pesticides 1998
Legislative Reference Bureau (LRB) 1989 Audit of the PUC. excerpts
Audit of the PUC 1962 excerpts
House Concurrent Resolution (HCR) 121  (1984) Urging Renewable Energy
Act 98-2004  Energy Performance Contracts; Financing Options. Increases the allowable length of energy performance contracts from 15 years to 20 years; broadens the financing options and amends definitions; replaces shared savings plans with guaranteed savings plans. (HB2049 CD1 MORITA) Hawaii State Legislature  *  Bills, Status; Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS)   *  Senate Energy and Environment Committee  (ENE)   * Senate Commerce, Consumer Protection, and Affordable Housing Committee  (CPH)   *  House Energy & Environmental Protection  Committee   (EEP)   *  House Consumer Protection & Commerce Committee  (CPC)

Act 99-2004  Net Energy Metering; Govt. Entity; Increased Capacity. Expands definition of "eligible customer-generator" to include government entities. Increases maximum generating capacity of eligible customer-generators from 10kW to 50 kW. Limits exemption from additional requirements for systems meeting safety/performance standards to systems 10kW or less. (HB 2048 SD1 MORITA, WATERS) Act 168-2004  Small Public Utilities; Rate Filings; Procedures. Establishes rate filing procedures for public utilities with annual gross revenues under $2 million. Requires use of standard form application and public hearing. Requires utilities to file annual financial statements and updated chart of account. (SB 2909 CD1 Governor's Package)

Act 207-2003  Establishes renewable energy tax credit for systems installed after 6/30/03. (SB 855 SD1 HD3 CD1)

Act 147-2003 Requires retail suppliers of electricity to annually disclose to their retail customers fuel mix information by generation category for electricity sold. (HB10 HD2 SD1 CD1)

Act 132-2003  Requires the consumer advocate to consider the long-term benefits of renewable resources in the role as a consumer advocate. (HB 1328 HD1 SD1)
Act 94-2003  Requires the Auditor to conduct a management audit of the public utilities commission and submit report to legislature and governor before convening of regular session of 2004. (HB 475) Act 102-2002 Public Land Leases; Renewable Energy Producers. Authorizes the BLNR to lease public lands to renewable energy producers through direct negotiation. (SB 2808 CD1 Governor's Package)

Act 102-2002 Public Land Leases; Renewable Energy Producers. Authorizes the BLNR to lease public lands to renewable energy producers through direct negotiation. (SB 2808 CD1 Governor's Package)

Act 272-2001  Renewables Portfolio Standards; Net Energy Metering. Establishes goals for the implementation of renewables portfolio standards by electric utilities. Requires electric utilities to develop and make available net energy metering contracts to eligible customer-generators. (HB173 CD1)
Act 87-2000 HB 1884 HD2  Establishes a net metering study under the public utilities commission.

Act 263 2000  Authorizes the PUC to require the parties in commission proceedings to participate in non-binding alternative dispute resolution prior to hearing.  (CD1)
Act 176. 2000. HB1893 HD1 SD1 Supports mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions.  (SD1)

Act 272 2000 SB 2808 HD2  Enables the division of consumer advocacy to retain its own legal counsel.  Appropriates funds to hire staff attorneys.

Act 38 1999 SB 716 Authorizes the natural energy laboratory to include retail and commercial activities within a research and technology park.
Life of the Land's Clean Energy Now! Campaign          

Hawai`i Energy Production (2004)    (Thousand Megawatthours)  (Excel Spreadsheet 10 MB) Petroleum (8,827) Coal (1,604) Natural Gas  (125) Other Gases  (41) Hydroelectric  (94) All Other Renewables  (718) Other  (2) Total  (11,410)
Hawai`i Electric Utilities (2004)    (Thousand Megawatthours)  (Excel Spreadsheet 10 MB) (excludes Independent Power Producers); Petroleum  (6,971.259)   99.9% * Hydroelectric   ( 9.724)    0.1% * All Other Renewables (1.486)   0.0% Total (6,982.469)   100.0%
The Hawaii Energy Blog will cover (1) Hawaii Public Utilities Commission Dockets; (2) Climate Info: Climate Change, Carbon Dioxide, CO2, Global Warming, Greenhouse Effect, Weather, Storms, Arctic, Melting, Glaciers, Health, Heat Sink, Agriculture, El Nino, Sea level rise (3) Energy: Fossil Fuels, Emissions, Externalities, Renewable Energy, Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), Sea Water Air Conditioning (SWAC), Wave Energy Systems (WES), Wind, Photovoltaic, Energy Efficiency, Demand Side Management, Biofuels, Ethanol, Biodiesel,  Hydrogen;  (4) Electric Utility Regulation: Power Plants, Transmission Lines, Blackouts, Public Utilities Commission, Consumer Advocate, Utilities, Cooperatives, Independent Power Producers, PURPA, Contested Case Hearings, Kyoto Protocol, DBEDT Hawaii Energy Strategy 2007, US Supreme Court Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency (case 05-1120)
(5) Religion, Spirituality; (6) State Legislature: Senators, Representatives, Committees, Bills, Laws; (7) Hawai`i Energy Acts (2001-) (8) Hawaiian Electric Industries (HEI) Directors; (9) Links; (10) Locations: Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Oahu, Kauai.
Capitol Focus Looks at Environment, Energy. April 15, 2004 Alternative Energy: OTEC LOL_Newsletter (March-April 1980)